Knitting: A Gallery of different stitches and how to’s

Posted 5 years ago

WARNING this post contains A TON of videos! 

OK so Still not a knitting blog but here is another knitting post. I have a burning desire to knit but not the funding to purchase a bunch of yarn to knit what I want SO I decided to take some of the ends of yarns and acrylic junk I had and make some samples of different stitches. I used YouTube and ran the gauntlet of different videos to create my samples. I have decided to show case my samples and the corresponding videos to help you create them as well. This is not a learn to knit, you need to know the basics of how to cast on, bind off, knit and purl though I will show some videos to help out with some basic things.

Cast On
I learnt to Cast on using the knitted Cast on and I was not sure of other means of casting on. You for a tutorial on the knitted cast on please see here: 
She uses a loose knot where as I use a slip knot. 

The other method I see lots of is the Long Tail Cast on. Some patterns seem to require this method. I like this method for its results but I don’t like how vague it is. You need to leave a long tail which you use for the cast on (hence its name) but no one can tell you HOW long of a cast on to leave. Its always vague saying “you will learn how long to leave it” which is fine for a small sampler like I was doing but if I was doing a whole piece it would irritate me to come up short or waste a lot with an extra long tail. If anyone has a reliable method for guesstimating the tail let me know! 
How to switch from Knit to Purl
This is something I didn’t know. I was trying to knit and purl in the same stitch, to do like ribbing, but didn’t know about moving the thread to the front and to the back. If you don’t know this (its so simple) then you end up with a hell of a mess on your hands. 
How to Recognize a backward stitch
Again something that is simple IF you know what you are doing. SO many people I would ask HOW can i tell if its backwards or not and all they would say is something along the lines of ‘oh you will just learn to tell’….. thanks. Not helpful people. This video however IS helpful
How to Recognize a Knit from a Purl Stitch
so you are knitting along and you have to put down the knitting cause your child is getting into trouble in the kitchen. You sort out the rug rats and go back to your knitting. But is your next stitch a purl or a knit? How do you tell one from the other? A basic thing, but something you need to know. 
The Seed Stitch

This is known as a Seed Stitch or a Moss stitch, depending on where you are from. Apparently its a British Moss stitch but I am going with Seed Stitch to make it distinctive from an American Moss stitch. Its kinda like ribbing except you are doing the opposite on each row. The great thing about this and the American Moss stitch is it yields a front and a back that are the same, so there is really no wrong side.
Cast on really however many stitches you want.
Row 1: knit 1, purl 1 all the way across.
Row 2: start using whatever is the opposite of what you see. If your last stitch on the previous row was knitting, then knit the first stitch. Don’t remember what the last row was? Look at what is on your needle. If you see a knit, start with purl, if you see a purl knit. Use the above video to know how to tell the difference. Do that the entire row across, knitting on purls, purling on knits. 
Did I confuse you? Here is a video
The Moss Stitch
This is what I am going to call the Moss Stitch. Its kinda like seed stitch  only instead of switching from knit to purl every row, you switch every other row.
Row 1: Knit 1, purl 1, to end of row
Row2: Knit the knits, purl the purls till end of row
Row 3: Knit the Purls, Purl the Knits till end of row
Row 4: Knit the Knits, Purl the Purls till end of row
Repeat from row 3 on.
Probably confused? A video:
The Bamboo Stitch 
I really like the look of this stitch. For this you need an even number of stitches cast on. There is basically 2 rows that you repeat. 
Row 1: Knit 1, Yarn Over, Knit 2, pass the Yarn Over over the two knit stitches (kinda like a bind off), Knit 2, Pass Yarn Over off, etc until the end of the row, Knit off Last stitch.
Row 2: Purl all stitches.  
Did I loose you at what a Yarn Over is? its basically when you take the yarn from in back to in front as if you were going to purl. 
The Rice Stitch 
Another really simple stitch that has pretty results but there is a front and a back to this stitch.
Cast on multiples of 2 +1
Row 1: Purl 1, Knit 1 though the back of the loop, repeat to end of row. 
Row 2: Knit all stitches 
Don’t forget to pass your yarn over to the back for your knit in the back.
The Linen Stitch

I really like the way this one looks, esp when you use 2 colours. There is a right and a wrong side to this stitch too. 
This one has a great video and PDF from which is a really great site, VERY helpful and clear videos. For the page on this stitch click here
You need to use the long tail cast on for this one and use an even number of stitches. 

Starting with Row 2, work the following two rows to desired length.
Row 1 (right side): *Knit 1, slip 1 with yarn in front*, repeat between the * across to end of row
Row 2: *Purl 1, slip 1 with yarn in back*, repeat between the * across to end of row

The Cable Stitch
This is one I have long wanted to lean but didn’t look into because i figured it would be super complicated and advanced. Much to my shock its NOT!!! 
I am not going to try and explain this one with typing, cause I would do a terrible job, unlike my previous explanations….. 
Bee Stitch 
Row 1: Knit all stitches  (This is the wrong side of your fabric)
Row 2: Knit 1, *  Knit into the stitch below the next stitch on your left needle  (K1B), Knit 1*, repeat from * to end 
Row 3: Knit all stitches
Row 4: K2, K1B, *K1, K1B*, repeat from * to the last two stitches, K2
The Raspberry Stitch 

This needs a cast on of multiples of 4 + 2 stitches.  Essentially every other row you make 1 stitch into 3 and then take 3 and make the into 1.  the rows between are straight purling. 
Row 1: Purl all stitches
Row 2: knit 1, *All in one stitch knit1 purl1 knit 1 then let it off needle, purl 3 together,  Repeat from * until 1 stitch remains, knit last stitch. 
Row 3: Purl all stitches. 
Row 4:  Knit 1, Purl 3 together, All in one stitch knit1 purl1 knit 1 then let it off needle, repeat from *until 1 stitch remains, knit last stitch. 
Sounds more confusing then it is. 

Here is one, OK video:

This video does a great job explaining the technique, but this knitter always slips her first stitch for reasons that are unknown to me. I do not do this. 

The Herringbone Stitch 

I really love the look of this one, its super nifty a makes a very dense warm fabric.  You need to know how to knit through the back. 

Row 1: Knit 2 together through the back loop – drop only the first stitch from the left needle, the second stitch should remain on left needle.  Knit next two stitches through the back loop, dropping only the first stitch from left needle as before.  Continue working in this manner to last stitch, Knit one as normal.
Row 2: Purl 2 together, dropping only the first stitch from left needle.  Purl next two stitches together, dropping only first stitch as before.  Continue working in this manner to last stitch, Purl one as normal.

This is a really great video that shows some casting on loosely. I find i knit tight as well and knowing how to do it loosely is a great help for many patterns. Generally I use a needle one or two sizes larger than that which i will be knitting on for cast on if I need the cast on to be looser. 

The Star Stitch

I am not totally in love with this one but its good to have in your repertoire I guess. 

For Star Stitch, work with a multiple of 4 stitches, plus 1

Row 1: Knit all stitches (Right side of fabric)
Row 2: Purl 1, *Make Star, Purl 1*  Repeat from * to end
Row3: Knit all stitches
Row 4: Purl 3, Make Star, *Purl 1, Make Star*  Repeat from * to last 3 stitches, Purl 3
To make the Stars: Purl 3 stitches together, leaving stitches on left needle; make a Yarn Over, and Purl the same 3 stitches together again, and then drop off left needle 

Repeat these 4 rows for pattern. 

Picot Hem and Bind Off

Ok this one was hard for me. Like SERIOUSLY hard. I probably took about 5 hours to do the above sample. Though the concept isn’t that hard, I had to pull it out and start over SEVERAL times. My problems with this being casing on too tightly and using acrylic which has no stretch.

You need a loose cast on and MUST use Long Tail Cast on!

Work in Stockinette for 5 rows (or whatever your pattern calls for)
Next Row: Yarn over, knit 2 together right across
Next: Work in Stockinette Stitch for 5 rows (or whatever you did in beginning)
Next Row:  Fold knitting in half at lace row (the knit 2 together row) and knit each stitch on the needle together with the purl bump from the cast on row in the column directly blow the stitch. 

I then continued on with stockinette stitch for several inches to then do the Picot Bind off. I used the bind off from this same knitter as its results in the same thickness . its essentially the same process. It resulted in a very bulky edge as you can see in the bottom photo which wanted to turn on itself.  The video I am going to share for this technique is mainly used for a toe up sock hemming and is shown in the round.  If you are going to use this technique I would do more than 5 rows of stockinette before folding it back and binding off. 
A seemingly much easier Picot Bind off can be seen in this video. I have not tried it personally but would do so if intending to use this in the future.

OK so this has been a terribly terribly long post that will keep you entertained for HOURS if you do them all. I found one other interesting one call the Butterfly Stitch. 
Personally I think its kinda ugly but to each their own, so if it turns your crank there you go.

I am sure there are lots of other stitches but some only mild searching has yielded these results. I am exhausted from all that compiling and typing. I think I’ll take a nap…. 

Happy Crafting!  
Posted in how to, knitting

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